An excavator comes in handy when you have a construction project. This is because it enables you to finish the tasks before you in good time without delaying the project. However, you can’t just wake up one day and get down to work. Heavy equipment that has been idle for some time needs to be prepared before it’s used. If you skip the preparation phase, the excavator is likely to breakdown when you are in the middle of a task. Maintaining the equipment in advance can spare you from the agony of having to call in an expert to come and repair it. Maintenance is actually as easy as a walk in the park. You only need to read through the user manual that is provided by the equipment maker. Below is a list of the things that you should check before you start working on any project task that requires heavy equipment.
1 Check Tracks
Most heavy equipments are usually fitted with rubber excavator tracks to help them move from one place to another. The tracks are used to protect the metallic chain beneath them. In case you are not in the know, the rubber tracks are more vulnerable to damages than any other part of the excavator. This is because they are the ones that come into direct contact with the ground more often. Besides that, the environment that heavy equipment is used is never forgiving. With time, the rubber tracks develop minor cuts that worsen as the excavator continues to be used in extreme conditions. It’s therefore recommended you inspect these tracks and change them if they are worn out because they give the equipment a firm grip while moving to ensure it doesn’t slide.
2 Change the Filters
Filters are responsible for trapping any foreign material that might be present in the oil or air. When the filters are full, the equipment tends to breakdown due to clogging that happens after debris has accumulated in the engine. It’s therefore important to confirm that the various filters are in good shape. You can even clean the filters with a special liquid and put them where they belong. But such a solution only works if the filter was partially clogged. The good thing is that modern equipment come with a filter indicator that tells you when to get a brand new filter.
Lubricants are an essential element in all heavy equipment regardless of whether it’s a compactor or an excavator. This is because they prevent the moving parts especially the joints from grinding against each other. It’s similar to the fluid that is in your knees, wrists and elbows among other joints. When the equipment runs out of lubricant, it will not be able to perform well. For a start, it will be very noisy due to grinding which will later result in more damages as the parts give in to intense friction. You should therefore lubricate the engine and the joints to guarantee a smooth operation of the equipment.
4 Examine the Cooling Funnels
Too much temperature is bad for the equipment. This is because it causes the engine oil to break down. Overheating can also damage the other parts of the engine. You should therefore examine all the air vents to ensure that they are not blocked by dust and other debris. The engine breathes just like you do. This breathing or air circulation helps in cooling the engine. You should also refill the radiator with the special liquid that’s recommended by the manufacturer.
5 Fill the Fuel Tank
Heavy equipment is designed to be powered by fuel. In fact, an excavator can’t function when the fuel tank is empty. It’s like trying to work on an empty stomach. You should therefore check the level of fuel in the tank before you turn on the engine. Even if the tank is half full, you should just fill it to the rim. This will guarantee that you will be able to finish your job without having to be halted by a dry fuel tank. You should use the appropriate type of fuel. This is because there are engines that run on diesel while others are designed to use petrol. The two types of fuel can not be used in the same engine.